Representasi Etos Politik Kesultanan Islam:
Relevansi Sastra dan Kekuasaan
dalam Khazanah Sastra Melayu Klasik
Jurusan Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro
Jalan Hayam Wuruk 14 Semarang
The article uses two manuscripts as the object of research. The first manuscript is Durrât Al-Farâ’id Bi Syarh Al-‘Aqâid. It is put away in The National Library and has number Ml. 792. The second manuscript is put in the personal collected in Aceh.There are Three reasons for choosing those manuscripts. First, they concists of an Asy’ariyah theology wich is followed by most of the Moslems in the world. Second, the theology has not been thought to the Moslem societies in a comprehensive way. Third, there is a school of inclusive and pluralist Islam with the freedom of having a religion as one of its principles. I uses two methods, those are philological method and thematic method. The philological method has an aim to get text that is far from error. The thematic method, on the other hand, aims to study the main topic of the text. The last method is used the analyze the traits of Allah such as al-Qadim, al-baqa’, ru’yatullah; to answer whether the Quran is qadim or jaded; and analyze the traits of Allah that is tanzih or tasybih. The results of the analyzes are as follows: by comparing the two manuscripts I conclude that the first manuscript (A) is chosen to be text adition. The choice has two reasons, ie (1) the first manuscript is older, and (2) it is more complete. The content of Asy’ariyah theology is about the doctrine of Islamic ‘Aqidah, such as (1) the traits of Allah, (2) Quran as a qadim or jaded, (3) the human being action, (4) qada’ and qadar, (5) ru’yatullah problems, (6) heaven and hell, and so on. In order to moderate Jabariyah and Qadariyah, Al-Asy’ari uses the Kasb concept that refers to the acquisition of the goodness and wickedness of human being as the result of his act. The power of Asy’ariyah theology is on its critical ability in balancing dalil naqly with dalil aqly. If Mu’tazilah theology aql is used for interpreting texts and nash of Quran, Asy’ariyah theology aql is used for helping human being in understanding the traits of Allah based on Quran.
Keywords: theology, politic, sultan, mistic, wahdat al-wujud
Alih Wahana dan Nyai Dasima:
Realisme-Eksotis sebagai Pemicu Utama
Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya, Universitas Indonesia
In the modern Indonesian literature there is a work that has inspired many people to them and again the work, not just in the realm of literature but also penetrated into another realm, the work was titled Nyai Dasima. Prose has turned the vehicle into several different forms, so that indirectly this work is able to provide privileges or hint-will also uniqueness. This paper tried to trace the various beings than there ever was a vehicle and track possible causes that could make this work across time and trends in art.
Baca secara fonetik
Kamus - Lihat kamus yang lebih detail
Keywords: Indonesia prose, the theme of mistresses, realism-exotic, transforming the work, rather rides
Destrukturisasi Keterampilan Naratif:
Kasus Perbandingan Karya Arwan Tuti Artha,
Mira Wijaya, dan Amaruszati Noor Rahim
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Semarang
Jalan Soekarno-Hatta Semarang 50196
Creating on literature work still based on the thinking of uniqueness, creativity, and originality. But in the process of creating, we already neglected something that mentioned craftsmanship. So, this paper believed that a creative work always have been doing imitation. There is the same one in the uniqueness of work. In the case of prose in Indonesia, we will present author who realized imaginary figure in the narration through the way of craftsmanship. The object is “Saat Bunga Kuncup, Saat Bunga Mekar” (“When Flower was in Bud, in Rise”). It describes the figure focused on the ideal man and its craftsmanship compared with the way of Mira Wijaya and Amaruszati’s novel. Using method of narratology by Victor Skhlovsky, the result proved that creating on the ideal man in the prose must have skill of narration. If the skill is weaknes then it influence to its value. It implies on that in the discourse of cultural changing in Indonesia, the problem of originality neglected necessity of the art work imitating to the other work.
Keywords: Imitating, narratology, literature, prose, uniqueness.
Kritik Sastra Feminisme Radikal:
Kekerasan Psikis dan Women Trafficking Perempuan
dalam Drama Siau Ling Karya Remy Sylado
Bambang Aris Kartika
Jurusan Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Jember
Jalan Kalimantan 37 Jember 68121
This article discusses the psychological harassment and woman trafficking in ”the drama siauling” author by Remy Sylado. These such of issues happened because of the existing of patriarchal culture or society that led to injustice and the power of control the man over the woman. Feminist Literary of Critics (Kritik Sastra Feminist) will analysis the relationship between the man and woman power in order to create an equality in gender and social culture ,thus, the woman is no longer as a sexual object.
Keywords: psychological harassment, woman trafficking, patriarchal culture, radical feminis,t literary of critics
Drama Pinangan Karya Anton Chekov:
Kesetiaan pada Struktur
Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Jember
Jalan Kalimantan 37 Jember 68121
As a literary text, a play has some aspects, such as setting, character, conflict, plot suspense, theme and foreshadowing. Those aspects can be found in a play, although the author’s ideas in the play are presented in dialogue. This research is intended to the internal aspects of Pinangan (The Marriage Proposal) written by Anton Chekov, and uses an approach which is called structural approach. This approach is usually used to examine internal aspects of a literary work, and starts from an argument that a literary work is autonomous and it has interrelationship among its internal aspects. The structure of this play consists of some aspects, such as acts and scenes, dialogue, theme, character, characterization, conflict, plot, etc. The central issue of the play is the marriage proposal, which then used by the author as the title of the play; whereas the messages to be delivered by the author are the fight among the characters and the cause of the fight. The content of the play shows that this play can be categorized as comedy.
Keywords: structure, internal aspects, comedy.